POPULATION SIZE, DISTRIBUTION, AND GROWTH RATE
Based on the 2015 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Davao De Oro posted a total population of 736,107 persons. This is larger by 48,912 persons when compared to total population of 687,195 in 2010 CPH. The increase in population count from 2010 to 2015 indicates an Annual Population
Growth Rate (APGR) of 1.38 percent. This is slower by 0.33 percent of the APGR between 2000 and 2010 intercensal period. If the 1.38 percent APGR of the province will continue, its total population will double in the year 2065 or a doubling time of 50 years.
The 2015 CPH showed that among component municipalities, Monkayo has the largest total populations of 94,908 constituting 12.89 percent to the provincial total. The consistent position of the municipality at the top in terms of population size since in the 80’s was attributed to the gold mining industry of the area, particularly at Mt. Diwata, popularly known as Mt. Diwalwal, which is one of the barangays of the municipality that has large deposit of gold ore.
The next largest municipality in terms of population based on the 2015 CPH was Compostela with 11.88 percent of the province’s populations, followed by Pantukan with 11.67 percent, and Nabunturan with 11.17 percent. Mawab, on the other hand, registered with the least population size at 5.03 percent share to the provincial total.
Figure 1 below shows that the Annual Population Growth Rate (APGR) of the province based on the four censuses conducted in 1990 to 2015 is decreasing from 2.21 percent in 1990-2000 intercensal periods to 1.32 percent in 2010-2015 intercensal periods. This means that from about 2 persons annual increase for every 100 populations from year 1990 towards year 2000, it decreased to about 1 person annual increase for every 100 populations from year 2010 towards year 2015