LOCATION, LAND AREA, AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISION
The province of Davao De Oro lies in the mid-eastern portion of Mindanao Island in the Philippines approximately within 125º40’ to 126º17’ East Longitude and 7º04’ to 8º00’ North Latitude. It is bounded by Agusan Del Sur on the north; Davao Oriental on the east and south; Davao Gulf on the southwest; and Tagum City, New Corella, Asuncion, San Isidro, and Kapalong—all of which are part of Davao Del Norte—on its west and northwestern borders.
The total land area of the province is 4,666.93 square kilometers, representing 14.73 percent of Region XI’s total land area (31,692.74 sq. km.), and 1.55 percent of the Philippines’ total land area of 300,000 sq. km. It is primarily classified as Alienable and Disposable (A & D) at 1,530.00 square kilometers, with forestland of 3,135.96 square kilometers.
2 legislative districts divide the 11 municipalities which comprise the province. District I is made up of Compostela, Maragusan, Monkayo, Montevista, and New Bataan; while district II is made up of Laak, Mabini, Maco, Mawab, Nabunturan, and Pantukan. The province has a total of 237 barangays. (Table 1)
Nabunturan is the province’s capital town and it is where the provincial capitol is located. As a point of reference, Davao City is 90 kilometers away from the capital town’s center which is approximately two hours via public bus along the Davao-Butuan segment of the Philippine- Japan-Friendship Highway.
Table 01. Land Area (in square kilometers), By Municipality, Davao de Oro Province (in square kilometers)
The highest elevation in the province reaches a height of more than 2,000 meters above sea level (MASL), and this is found in the municipalities of Maragusan, New Bataan, and Pantukan which has an aggregate area of 80.89 square kilometers or 1.73 percent of the total land area of the province. The lowest elevation is below 100 MASL with Laak having the widest area of 215.37 hectares, while New Bataan has the narrowest of 19.10 sq. km.
Around 30.41 percent of the province’s total land area is within 500-1000 MASL of elevation with unique exception to Montevista which has areas within the elevation range as listed in Table 02.
Table 02. Land Area by Elevation Class (square kilometers), Davao De Oro Province
The record shows that the average monthly temperature of Davao de Oro is 27.4 degrees
centigrade. In the record, the province’s warmest temperature occurred in April at 28.80
degrees centigrade while the coolest temperature took place in January at 24.38 degrees
centigrade (Table 04).
In 2015 as shown in Table 4 below, the heaviest monthly average rainfall was in January at
375.9 millimeters and the lightest was in August at 67.5 millimeters (Table 04).
Table 4. Monthly Rainfall Average in Millimeter (mm), (JANUARY – NOVEMBER 2015), Davao De Oro Province
Records show that the wind is usually blowing to the north especially during the months of
June, July, and September; to the north-northeast during the months of August, October,
November, and December; to the south during the months of March, April, and May; and to
the south-southwest from January to February.
Davao De Oro was a typhoon-free province until Typhoon Pablo hit the province on
December 4, 2012. Five (5) municipalities were severely affected by the said typhoon,
namely New Bataan, Compostela, Monkayo, Montevista, and Laak. Nevertheless, mountain
ranges protect the area from the visiting typhoons of neighboring provinces and regions.